WALA Plant Library
Synonyms: Caltha officinalis. Golds. Ruddes. Mary Gowles. Oculus Christi. Pot Marigold. Marygold. Fiore d'ogni mese. Solis Sponsa.
Scientific Name: Calendula officinalis L.
HabitatPresumably native to the Mediterranean region. Distribution now practically world-wide.
Essential oil, saponins, carotinoids, xanthophylls, bitter compounds, mucilage, flavonoids.
This easy-to-grow annual medicinal herb, which can reach a height of 70 cm, delights us with its flowers from June to well into October. The roughly hairy, sturdy stems are crowned with bright orange or yellow flowers, up to 4 cm in diameter, which are visible from afar and light up the garden like little suns. The dry fruits, which we know as the seeds, come in various ringlet-like shapes from crescents to little hooks. In fact, it is these fruits, and not the flowers or the leaves, that give the plant its German name Ringelblume – ringlet flower.
The astrologically oriented botanist and physician Nicholas Culpepper (1616-1654) swore by Marigold as a remedy for fortifying the heart. In his "Vade-Mecum Botanicum" (1694) Samuel Müller also mentioned a host of ills for which Calendula was supposed to be a remedy. Today its main medicinal use is for wound healing in the form of ointments, essences, gels and oils for external application. It is one of the best wound healing herbs altogether and, on account of its anti-inflammatory and wound-healing properties, is even used for the treatment of leg ulcers.
In skin care it is used particularly for injured, irritated, sensitive and inflamed skin. It profoundly influences the metabolism, regulates the blood circulation in the skin and increases the skin tone. Inflamed nipples, burns, bruises and sunburn are also treated with Marigold. On account of its reputed blood-cleansing properties it is also used in chronic eczema, boils, spots and adolescent acne.
Used internally as tea it has antispasmodic action and influences bile secretion and therefore helps the digestion.
The sun-like marigold follows the course of the sun with its flowers: they open at daybreak and close as soon as the sun goes down again. It was probably this calendar-like movement in time with the sun that led botanists to give it the scientific name Calendula, from the Latin calendae – the first of the month. Because of its odour, at the same time aromatic and reminiscent of decay, it became a symbol of redemption after death in Christian mythology. Its inexhaustible vegetative growth also caused it to become a symbol of eternal life and people often planted it on graves as funeral flower. In Mexico it is also considered a flower of death, believed to originate from the blood of the Indians slain by the Spanish conquerors. In the Middle Ages the golden-yellow flower, also called Solis Sponsa or bride of the sun, was dedicated to the Germanic goddess Freya, later to the Christian Mary, hence the name Marigold.
Plants which flower at the most important points in the course of the sun and whose shape resembles the sun have always been considered sacred. Other such plants are the Daisy, St. John'swort and Chicory. As magical plant Marigold was an essential part of any love charm. If a girl planted or sowed the "Niewelkblume" in the footprints of her loved one he would have to – whether he wanted to or not – come to her for ever. In Spain, too, sorcerers were
convinced of its magical powers and always carried it with them as talisman.
Use in Skin Care and Remedies
In Dr.Hauschka skin care products Marigold is found where skin that is irritated or prone to inflammation needs to be soothed; for example in After Sun, Concealer, Daily Hydrating Eye Cream, Eye Balm, Revitalising Day Cream, Clarifying Toner, Clarifying Day Oil, Cleansing Cream, Lip Balm, Coverstick, Revitalising Hair & Scalp Tonic, in Dr.Hauschka Med Labimint Acute Lip Care and Sage Mouthwash.
Marigold is also contained in WALA medicines used for treatment of inflamed wounds or inflammatory skin processes, for example in Acne Fluid*, Burns Lotion*, Cuts and Burns Jelly*, Mercurialis Healing Ointment*, Echinacea Mouth and Throat Spray*, Majorana Vaginal Gel* and Calendula Lotion*.
* Prescribing information for the preparations mentioned (the indications are derived from the anthroposophical understanding of man and nature):
Harmonisation of the astral organisation in the skin in circumscribed purulent-inflammatory conditions, e.g. acne vulgaris, excessive secretion from the sebaceous glands (seborrhoea). Contains 15% alcohol by volume.
First and second degree burns and scalds, sunburn, allergic-hyperergic skin disorders (dermatoses), insect stings, abrasions and ulcers. Contains 23% alcohol by volume.
Calcea Wund- und Heilcreme
Mixture of Calendula ex herba flor. pressed juice and ethanol 96% (1: 0,33), Echinacea Ø
Local treatment of wounds and superficial inflammation of the skin, bedsores (decubitus), as a preventive measure against bedsores (decubitus prophylaxis). Contains cetostearyl alcohol.
Calendula officinalis e floribus LA 20 %
Inflammation of the skin and underlying tissues in which there is a tendency to suppuration; wound healing by secondary intention. Local treatment of wounds and superficial inflammation. Irrigation of wound cavities and inflamed mucous membranes. Contains 25% alcohol by volume.
Echinacea Mund- und Rachenspray
Harmonisation of the astral organisation in the oropharyngeal region in acute and chronic inflammatory conditions of the mucous membranes and the tonsils and in lymphatic diathesis. Contains 18% alcohol by volume.
Harmonisation of the constitutional elements of the human being in inflammatory conditions of the female reproductive organs, e.g. inflammation of the vagina (colpitis), inflammation of the vulva (vulvitis), vaginal discharge (non-specific fluor).
Harmonisation of the interaction between astral organisation and etheric organisation in the skin and subcutis in chronic inflammatory processes, suppurating, poorly healing wounds, eczema. Contains peanut oil and wool fat.
Wund- und Brandgel
First and second degree burns and scalds, sunburn, allergic-hyperergic skin disorders (dermatoses), insect bites, abrasions and ulcers.
For information on risks and side-effects please read the pack insert and ask your doctor or pharmacist.